Astonishing Ice Age Facts!


cold foggy freeze freezing
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You can’t have an Ice Age without extremely warm oceans and really cold air…

You can’t have an Ice Age without extremely warm oceans and really cold air

You can’t have…  Well, you get it.  Secular science has good geological evidence that an Ice age occurred.  There are telltale signs all over the northernmost landscapes that suggest massive erosive patterns from huge ice sheets and glaciers. But while most secular geologists have absolutely no idea how or why these occurred, geologist Tim Clarey, Ph. D. believes he has the answers in his article “Subduction Was Essential for the Ice Age.”

Image result for ice ages pictures

An ice age requires massive, enormous, unprecedented, ridiculous, astronomically unbelievable amounts of snow.   Estimates require at least 4,000 inches of snow a year just to keep up with melting snow at the leading edge! That’s not even considering how much is needed to create the massive fields of ice to begin with!

As Written by Michael Oard, “melting in a dry, cool Ice Age climate (50°F, or 10°C, average summer temperature) near the edge of the ice sheet is about 400 inches (10 m) of ice a year. One inch of ice corresponds to an average of 10 inches of powder snow. So for Minneapolis this would represent 4,000 inches (100 m) of powder snow a year, which is about 100 times their annual average. So, even during a relatively cool summer, the amount of snowfall required is tremendous.”(1)

Such massive amounts of snow require constantly replenished moisture in the atmosphere. The only possible source of such abundant moisture is you guessed it, WARM OCEANS. Why is this important?

For decades secular atheist scientist have told us they understand the ice ages. They claim to know when they occurred, and they claim to know what caused them.  But if you ask any secular scientist how they explain the astronomically vast amounts of moisture that would have been required to create the glaciers… you can hear the cricketsThey have no idea. Most do not even address the topic!

Image result for ice ages pictures

Traditional ice age explanations involve only periods of extended cold.   The theories postulate that there might have been extended decades or centuries of cold because of sun spots, or wobbles in the earth’s orbit, or changes in the axis. Scott Elias writes,

Fluctuations in the amount of insolation (incoming solar radiation) are the most likely cause of large-scale changes in Earth’s climate during the Quaternary. In other words, variations in the intensity and timing of heat from the sun are the most likely cause of the glacial/interglacial cycles.”(2)

Or as written by Sandy Eldredge and Bob Biek, “Glacials and interglacials occur in fairly regular repeated cycles. The timing is governed to a large degree by predictable cyclic changes in Earth’s orbit, which affect the amount of sunlight reaching different parts of Earth’s surface. The three orbital variations are: (1) changes in Earth’s orbit around the Sun (eccentricity), (2) shifts in the tilt of Earth’s axis (obliquity), and (3) the wobbling motion of Earth’s axis (precession).”(3)

Note that there is still no mention of moisture, just cold. But at least the plebeian Wikipedia is honest, stating, “The causes of ice ages are not fully understood for either the large-scale ice age periods or the smaller ebb and flow of glacial–interglacial periods within an ice age.” (4)

So who, exactly, does have a plausible explanation for both the COLD air and the WARM oceans?  Well, it turns out that creation science may have the explanation. Creation meteorologist Michael Oard has written extensively about ice ages, and he states that an ice age would require much warmer oceans than we have today and much cooler summers then we have today.  And what could cause such conditions?   According to Tim Clarey, Ph.D.  “the answer is the rapid subduction involved in catastrophic plate tectonics.”(5)

But what is catastrophic plate tectonics?  It involves rapid movement of continental plates, and subduction of these massive plates over and under one another (as might have occurred when Pangaea broke up and plates moved rapidly toward their current positions.) At such times, it is likely, almost guaranteed, that large areas of the earth’s molten core on which the plates rested would have been exposed to the oceans, and unbelievably massive quantities of ocean water would have been vaporized into steam and then converted into water vapor, and subsequently rain or snow. Thus providing PLENTY of warm water and cold atmospheric conditions… just right for an Ice Age!

At that same time, the same plate subductions would have created hundreds or thousands of volcanoes. Those volcanoes were ejecting millions and millions of tons of aerosolized gases, chemicals, and ash high into the atmosphere and blocking the sun (probably for many years) leading to atmospheric cooling.  So it is extremely likely that if there was a global flood caused by plate tectonics and subduction, it would probably have been followed soon after by an ice age!

So to summarize, catastrophic plate tectonics (rapid movement of the large continental plates from ancient Pangaea toward their modern locations) wold have caused:

1.) Exposure of huge areas of magma under the oceans, vaporizing vast quantities of ocean water.

2.) Massive persistent rains for weeks or months while the continents moved and “mountains bowed down” (continental plates subducted and immersed).

3.) Expulsion of billions of tons of ash and sulfur into the stratosphere through volcanic venting, with subsequent rapid cooling of the earth.

4.) And finally an Ice age as the warm oceans continued their rapid evaporation, but the Northern and Southern hemispheres experienced severe cooling from volcanic shielding.

So the best, most plausible explanation for the ice age seems to be catastrophic plate tectonics. This means that in order to provide both warm oceans, and cooler atmospheres, we can look to the Biblical account of the flood. It turns out that massive amounts of water in the atmosphere were also required for a global flood, as written in Genesis 7:19, “And the waters prevailed so mightily on the earth that all the high mountains under the whole heaven were covered.“(6) But it was not enough to just have “lots of water” in order for the top of the mountains to be covered. It almost certainly required the mountains themselves to bow down!  And this, too, involves catastrophic plate tectonics.

Psalm 104:6-9 reads, “6 You covered it with the watery depths as with a garment; the waters stood above the mountains. 7 But at your rebuke the waters fled, at the sound of your thunder they took to flight; 8 they flowed over the mountains, they went down into the valleys, to the place you assigned for them. 9 You set a boundary they cannot cross; never again will they cover the earth.”

Job 9:5 reads, “He who removes mountains, and they know it not, when he overturns them in his anger”.

Those who believe the “Uniformitarian” assumptions assure us (with absolutely NO evidence) that Pangaea was hundreds of millions of years in the past.  They say the rate of continental drift we see today is the rate that has been present for millions of years. But if you read my prior blog “The Uniformitarians” you will see that such blatant over-reach is common on the part of secular geologists. And you will see that they routinely fail to actually apply Uniformitarian principles, only applying these assumptions when it is convenient for them and for their secular agenda.  (See prior posts for proofs including the Himalayas, the moon, the ocean floor sediment, and more.)

As I wrote there, “The principle of uniformitarianism has never truly been applied, because in every setting of science, whether astronomy, cosmology, evolutionary biology, or geology, there are glaring problems that require major adaptions or exceptions for the principle to be even loosely applied.”

So, as with much of science, the secular atheistic interpretations about the Ice Ages may be in conflict with the Bible, but the actual scientific facts are not. If you want to understand the Ice Ages, your best bet is understanding the events surrounding the Flood. For a very good discussion see the site at Answers in Genesis “The Mystery of the Ice Age“.(7)









(6) Genesis 7:17 ESV


Fixing Global Warming

photo of an iceberg
Photo by Jim Flanary on

It was heartbreaking when on a visit to Alaska, I saw the extent of the retreat of the massive glaciers. I am a firm believer in taking care of our planet, and in the conservation of resources. I drive an electric car and I have solar on my roof (which in the last 3 years has prevented over 50,000 pounds of CO2 emissions, or viewed another way, has been the equivalent of planting over 1200 trees to absorb CO2). Not many environmentalists can say they do this much. Yet environmental activists insist that such things are of minor significance and we must pass sweeping worldwide legislation and taxation to do much more.

But the question arises, how can weak, frail mankind fix such an enormous problem? Historically the earth has vacillated between Ice Ages, floods, droughts, and intense heat. The ocean levels have varied by many meters.  The Polar ice caps have grown and then retreated… and all this has occurred in past times without human intervention. It was neither caused by, nor alleviated by human behaviors.

And another pertinent question isHow do we know that we are not currently approaching an Ice age (as some respected secular scientists suggest), and perhaps the very most important, lifesaving, socially conscious thing we could possibly do at this time is to foster the creation of carbon dioxide to minimize the severity of the coming glaciation? (See my prior post on The Science of Predicting the Future)  The answer. We don’t.

Many secular scientist say we are indeed now overdue for an Ice Age. “Sometime around now, scientists say, the Earth should be changing from a long interglacial period that has lasted the past 10,000 years and shifting back towards conditions that will ultimately lead to another ice age – unless some other forces stop or slow it.” (1)

The point is, we do not know what happened 10,000 years ago. And we do not know what will happen five or 10 years in the future.  Only God knows.

As a scientist this is quite an uncomfortable realization.  Many secular, atheistic, humanistic scientists prefer to think we are in control of our destiny and we must protect our fragile planet from the ravages of human “infestation”. But Scripture (which has been around a lot longer than modern science, and is more dependable and trustworthy than some aspects of modern science) tells us otherwise. As a student of scripture, I can point to hundreds of accurate Bible prophecies which have already been fulfilled.(2) We know when these prophecies were written, and we know the times  (later in history) when they were fulfilled. Global warming scientists can make no such claim.

On the other hand, recent SCIENTIFIC studies by accomplished geologists at the ICR* have shown that the Ice Age(s) are much more readily explained by the repercussions of a global flood as described in the Bible, than by current prevailing secular hypotheses.(3) SCIENTIFIC analysis of geographical formations also show that the location and sequencing of earth’s great fossil fields are more compatible with a great flood than with prior “old age earth” hypotheses. (see blog on The Data in the Strata)

Geologists and astronomers have debated for decades about what caused the Ice Ages. There have been many theories, each one superseding the one prior.(4) But none of those theories can explain how such vast amounts of water vapor were in the atmosphere at the same time the planet was rapidly cooling.  Normally in a cold atmosphere there is very little water vapor, so cycles of cooling alone cannot explain the Ice Age(s). Only the Biblical flood model, with rapidly shifting tectonic plates and the associated underwater volcanic activity, can explain the subsequent massive precipitation required in an Ice Age occurring some years after he flood. (5)

So, if we are concerned with global warming, or cooling, or flooding, or melting ice caps, what are we to do?  As a scientist, and a Christian, I absolutely believe that such things are under the complete and total control of God the Creator of the Universe. In fact, it seems almost silly to believe there is an Omnipotent, Loving God who created everything in the universe for our benefit, and yet worry that we might destroy everything because we drive too many automobiles. Just stop and think for a second.  All it would take is one large volcanic blast to offset the warming from hundreds of years of man’s carbon emissions. If God wants the Earth to dry up and wither due to man’s sin, it will occur, and no amount of environmental activism will prevent it. If God does NOT want Global warming to occur, then no matter how much carbon dioxide man creates, natural processes will offset and balance it.

After all, wasn’t Jesus the first person to tell us, in essence, “Don’t worry, be happy?”. (6)

(See my prior posts on Hoaxed, The Data in the Strata, and Real Science.)









*ICR – Institute for Creation Research.  A small but distinguished group of scientists which have formed to look at science, and scientific studies, from a Biblical worldview.

The earth dries up and withers,
    the world languishes and withers;
    the heavens languish together with the earth.
The earth lies polluted
    under its inhabitants;
for they have transgressed laws,
    violated the statutes,
    broken the everlasting covenant.
Therefore a curse devours the earth,
    and its inhabitants suffer for their guilt;
therefore the inhabitants of the earth dwindled,
    and few people are left.  Isaiah 24:4-6 NRSV