Chapter 12: Sex and Evolution

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Chapter 12 of Evolution, the Big Bang, and Other Fables, by A N Mack MD

There are really only two explanations for sex.

First, it is possible that it is simply an animal urge bred into humankind (and most other animals) as an essential part of the propagation of the species, as taught by atheists and evolutionists.

Second, it is possible that it might also be a part of a Divine plan, a gift to mankind from a loving Creator, as taught in the Bible.

Atheists, of course, tend to believe the former. Christians and some other religions believe the latter.

But there is an important point about sex and evolution that is usually ignored by evolution’s proponents. Both natural selection within species and evolution itself are totally dependent on sex. Many evolutionist sites will attempt to say that evolution does not occur in spite of sexual reproduction, it occurs because of sexual reproduction. This is false. When two members of the same species reproduce sexually, the product may appear different than either parent but it is still the same species. A cross between a Labrador and a Poodle is still a dog, just like its parents. A cross between an Irishman and an African is still a human. Mixing genetic material does NOT create new species. It does NOT create new genetic material.  It only mixes existing material differently. Those who call this evolution are either misled or are intentionally misleading others.

Natural selection in the classic evolutionary sense would require two advanced (positively mutated) individuals to find one another and procreate. This topic has been discussed by many critics of evolution, and no satisfactory answer has been forwarded. If by some billions to one chance there occurred some form of genetic damage that resulted in a positive mutation (the impossibility of this is discussed elsewhere), then we arrive at another massive barrier to “advancement of the species”. For in all likelihood one of two things would occur. First, the two individuals may now be incompatible for mating (due to differences in DNA) and a damaged progeny or infertile condition arises. Second, the two mate but the genetic damage is erased by the scavenger RNA that monitors and corrects damaged DNA. In this case, they remain exactly as before.

During DNA synthesis, DNA polymerases fix the majority of mis-paired bases in a process called proofreading. If DNA gets damaged, it can be repaired by various mechanisms, including chemical reversal, excision repair, and double-stranded break repair. So in the event of damaged DNA, the cell protects itself. The most likely reason for this mechanism is the prevention of cancer, for as many have stated, the vast, overwhelming majority of mutations are negative or destructive.

All this is just more evidence of the magnificent created marvel we call DNA and its amazing actions during procreation.

As society becomes predominantly secular and atheistic, with the rejection of anything but a token belief in the spiritual or the Divine, we consequently see less respect for the sanctity of  life, as well as less understanding of the sacramental nature of marriage.  Consequently, our social fabric seems to be ripping apart.  Affairs are rampant.  Divorce is “normal”.  Children are disposable. Mental illness, mass shootings, corporate corruption, individual gluttony, and laziness… all seem to be increasing.

Christians (and some other religions), on the other hand, tend to see the hand of God in the act of sexual intimacy.  In fact, it has been called a sacrament.  The Bible, of course, tells us in many places to stay away from sexual sin. But it does not stop there.  Paul goes on to say that we should encourage sex within the marriage, that sex is an important part of the ongoing marital relationship:  The husband should fulfill his marital duty to his wife, and likewise the wife to her husband. The wife does not have authority over her own body but yields it to her husband. In the same way, the husband does not have authority over his own body but yields it to his wife. Do not deprive each other except perhaps by mutual consent and for a time, so that you may devote yourselves to prayer.  (I Cor. 7:3-5)

The wisdom of God’s plan for the family, and for a marital relationship founded on commitment and mutual gratification, becomes evident as we compare it to the alternative.  In other words, looking around we see divorce, gender confusion, the mental health crisis, rampant pornography, pedophilia, and social chaos. These have followed closely on the heels of the breakup of the traditional family.  It serves to confirm the wisdom of God’s plan.

While we as a society, and as individuals, value freedom and an unconstrained lifestyle, it appears God placed some constraints on our sexual expression, for reasons that relate to our individual and societal well being.

The family (along with its biblical pro-sex attributes) is designed to be the core, basic unit of a stable society. As stated in an article in The Public Discourse, “The second pillar of a decent society is the institution of the family, which is built upon the comprehensive sexual union of man and woman. No other institution can top the family’s ability to transmit what is pivotal—character formation, values, virtues, and enduring love—to each new generation.“(1)

But this pillar is crumbling. With rampant alcohol and drug use, the recent push toward legalized pedophilia in Europe, the exposure of our young children to sexual images in the media and on cell phones, and even sexual teaching about homosexuality and transgender issues in our public schools, and with the pressure on young children to choose a homosexual or Trans lifestyle even before they comprehend the framework of human sexuality, the family is quite literally in a crisis.(2)

It turns out that worldview does make a difference.  In fact, it makes an enormous difference whether our children are raised believing they are a child of God, or believing they are the result of an accident of cosmology.  Tragically we have millions of children and young adults now with no spiritual compass and no inherent, foundational belief in self-worth.  Entire generations of youth who have been taught that they are no more special or meaningful than a monkey, or a slime mold.  Our society and children are paying the price.

And nothing but God’s plan is likely to make things any better.

 

(1) https://www.thepublicdiscourse.com/pillars/sexuality-and-family/

(2) http://chucklawless.com/2017/08/10-reasons-satan-attacks-families/

 

(See also my blog on “Natural Selection is Magic” at evolutioncreation.net)

 

Collossians 1:16 For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him.

Chapter 11: The Created Chimp Genome

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Chapter 11 of Evolution, the Big Bang, and Other Fables, by A N Mack MD

For decades evolutionists have touted the supposed 98.6 percent similarity of the human and chimp genome as “proof” of chimp to human evolution. Are they still so confident?  No, indeed not.  In fact, as stated by Dr. Tomkins, Director of Life Sciences at the Institute for Creation Research, “The more DNA sequencing technologies improve, the worse it gets for the evolutionary paradigm.” (1) Creation scientists and geneticists were of course skeptical.   Why? Because such an evolutionary transformation would have required the development of over 40 million base pairs (about 1.5 % of the human genome) in the short span of a few million years!

The impossibility of this drastic and rapid rate of change proposed by atheistic scientists was ignored.  Evolutionists assured every high school and college student in America that they “knew” that evolution had occurred based on these supposedly “small” differences.

But as pointed out by Dr. Jon Cohen, in “The Myth of 1%”, these are NOT small differences.  “First, as noted, we’re not talking about “small changes” but rather, as the journal Science explained, at the very least these differences entail “35 million base-pair changes, 5 million indels in each species, and 689 extra genes in humans.” (2) This means it would have required massive amounts of new genetic information via mutations. In other words, a thing which has never been proven to occur even once, must have happened millions of times.

But now a 2016 article by Dr. Jeffrey Tomkins Ph.D., shows that even those ridiculously positive inter-species comparisons were wrong.  The actual amount of similarity between human and chimp genomes in recent, more accurate scientific studies was vastly lower.  He states it is in the low 80’s at best. That would mean there are not 35 million, but about 500 million base pair differences! He explains in detail why the original estimates were grossly inaccurate and why the newer numbers are far more accurate. (3) Such a vast genetic difference completely destroys the weak and tenuous pro-evolutionary arguments from a decade or two ago.

Biologist Dr. Richard Buggs, also states that we have no more than an 85% similarity.  In his recent Biologos post he wrote, “the total percentage of the human genome that I can know for sure has one-to-one orthology with the chimp genome is 84.4%. Therefore I would say to the man on the street: we know for sure that the human genome is 84.4% the same as the chimpanzee genome“.  (4)

But it gets even worse.  Casey Luskin finds an even lower rate of correlation, writing, “Looking closely at the chimpanzee-like 76% of the human genome, we find that to make an exact alignment, we often have to introduce artificial gaps in either the human or the chimp genome. These gaps give another 3% difference. So now we have a 73% similarity between the two genomes.” (5)

Now compare the human-chimp ratios to the human-zebrafish similarities. “Sequencing of the entire genetic make-up of the zebrafish has revealed that 70 percent of protein-coding human genes are related to genes found in the zebrafish and that 84 percent of genes known to be associated with human disease have a zebrafish counterpart.” (6)  Does anyone really think we have recently evolved from zebrafish?  Of course not!

In the end, it looks like the Chimp Genome and the Human Genome are indeed vastly different.  It appears they were created uniquely and individually and purposefully.  These findings represent 500 million more nails in the coffin of evolutionary theory.

(1) Tomkins, J. Acts and Facts 47:10, October 2018, p. 16.

(2)  Jon Cohen, “Relative Differences: The Myth of 1%,” Science, Vol. 316:1836 (June 29, 2007).

(3) Tomkins, J 2016, Analysis of 101 Chimpanzee Trace Read Data Sets: Assessment of Their Overall Similarity to Human and Possible Contamination with human DNA.  Answers Research Journal 9: 294-298.

(4) Buggs, R.  How similar are human and chimpanzee genomes: posted on RichardBuggs.com, July 14, 2018

(5)  Casey Luskin “Critically Analyzing the Argument from Human/Chimpanzee Genetic Similarity”, September 30, 2011, Evolution News and Science Today.

(6) http://www.sci-news.com/genetics/article01036.html

(For similar readings see”Evolving Misconceptions” and “Vestigial Organs” at Evolutioncreation.net)

 

Isaiah 45:12 I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.

Chapter 10: A Knife in the Back

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Chapter 10 of Evolution, the Big Bang, and Other Fables, by A N Mack MD

Many people ask why so many scientists promote evolution.  And I also wonder why they would do so, in spite of the dearth of evidence and its absolute scientific impossibility. It is indeed a curious thing, but there is a logical explanation.

As explained by Dr. Geoff Downes Ph.D., “Consider finding a dead body in the park.  Did the person die from natural causes, or was some other factor involved?  If you find a knife in the back, then it is logical to assume that some outside intelligence was involved.  However, if you start by assuming that the death occurred from natural causes, then you can never arrive at the correct conclusion.“(1)

The current status of the scientific study of evolution is exactly like a policeman who does not believe in murder.  Imagine an entire police department which operated under the belief that all events occur only as a result of natural causes. This is the reality of secular atheist scientists today.

The call comes in of a body found in the woods.  All the investigators go to the scene and find the body, with multiple stab wounds and a large butcher knife protruding from the back and blood everywhere at the scene.  The campsite shows signs of a struggle with dozens of broken chairs and utensils.  The tent is collapsed with supports broken and fabric torn.  Of course, when the final report is issued, the cause of death will inevitably, and always be “natural causes.” Why? Because the entire police department ONLY BELIEVES IN DEATH FROM NATURAL CAUSES!

So it is with modern atheistic scientists and their evaluation of the origin of life.  Since they have already ruled out the possibility of divine causation or intervention, they will naturally only find (or evaluate or report) evidence of spontaneous so-called “natural forces”.  They will state that the universe created itself from nothing, using terminology that sounds convincing and scientific, but means nothing.  They will lecture on evolution and how “natural selection drives evolution” and how some “primordial soup” was struck by lightning and life magically appeared.

No amounts of facts can convince the policeman that a murder occurred. They believe only in “natural causes”  No amount of facts… scientific, philosophical, biochemical,  geological, embryological, astronomical, archeological, or otherwise, can convince the atheistic scientist that creation is the result of a Creator, that life is the result of “and God said.” (2)  The atheistic scientific community has as one of its tenets of belief that there is no God.  Therefore when any scientific discovery, or trend, or accumulation of evidence points to a creator, it is summarily rejected. Why?  Not because it is unscientific, but because it fundamentally disagrees with their underlying position.  The position of belief that “there is no God” is a statement of faith.  No more and no less than the statement of belief that “God created everything.”

As a scientist, then, it should not be surprising that there are tens of thousands of persons, highly educated in the sciences, with Ph.D., and MD and other advanced degrees behind their names, who absolutely believe that God formed the universe and established its laws.  They believe God created all life and the cells, structures, organelles, and DNA within the cell. And they are no less scientific or educated than the atheists.

Atheistic science has no credentials on the matter of origins when by its own mission statement it has excluded the most likely cause of all things, God.  It is completely illogical circular reasoning to state, “I do not believe in God, therefore I will not interpret any type of scientific evidence as pointing to God, therefore there is no God based on my scientific findings.”

I do not want to use any equivocal, or easily misunderstood terms. However, it is important that we understand what science is, what it does, and when it can be trusted. In what areas is science relatively dependable and where is it much less dependable?

I trust science to measure and quantify a great number of things in my life, such as medications, electrical devices, motor vehicle safety, and explosives. In other areas of life, such as emotions, relationships, and some would say even the weather, science is known to be quite often inaccurate, making almost as many wrong predictions as it makes correct predictions. Let me give just three examples.

  1. Every year here in Florida, the NOAA scientists predict the number and severity of hurricanes expected on the basis of ocean currents, temperatures, and weather patterns. Their accuracy is far from impressive. Often when they predict a terrible year with excessive numbers of hurricanes, we have few and mild hurricanes.  And many times when they predict few, there are many.  Science requires many presumptions, and there are too many interdependent factors.
  2. In medicine, the study and treatment of psychiatric illness had blossomed into an explosion of new medicines. and yet the “epidemic” of depression and mental illness that was noted in the 1980s shows no sign of abating. It is getting WORSE. The human mind, it seems, is not a mere biological computer, easily fixed with an altered “brain chemistry”.  Mental illness is not “just like any other illness”. There is not now, nor will there likely ever be, a “pill for happiness and fulfillment.”
  3. Social scientists and educators have been studying our institutes of higher learning for many decades now. Starting in earnest in the 1960s, they have made drastic changes in the means by which we educate our children and young adults. But virtually anyone can see that our graduates are not better educated. In spite of billions invested, and thousands of “scientific” studies, our place in the modern world of education has steadily declined, and we are now outpaced by nearly all other advanced countries.(3) So much for the benefit of “science”.

Now the fact that I can see failures among our scientific achievements does not mean I am a “science denier”. Far from it. As an ER physician, I use scientific principles every day in the treatment of my patients. I depend on scientific studies in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, embryology, radiology, and a number of other areas to provide the best services I possibly can to my patients. But If I were to believe every report that came down from every drug company, saying that their new drug is fantastic and lifesaving and wonderful, I would be a fool. Science can be wonderful and instructive. But it can also be biased. In fact, pharmaceutical companies are known for picking and choosing their science to make their particular drug appear far more useful than it actually is.

The scientific method can only test existing data. It is good at testing things that are easily and accurately measured, such as pH or acidity or chemical reactions. This type of “here and now” science is sometimes called operational science, or observational science. There is another type of science, sometimes called historical science. This term has often been used by Ken Ham to describe such sciences as geology and archaeology, and indeed to refer to the entirety of Cosmology. Although Ken Ham is quite clear to state that he did not himself originate the terms, nevertheless the distinction is one that Creation Scientists and proponents, like Answers in Genesis, find useful. And as you might expect, pro-evolutionary sites like Rationalwiki, (4) find the terminology upsetting, disturbing, and offensive.

Dr. Johnathan Sarfati, a research scientist from Wellington, New Zealand, puts it this way.  “Many people have the belief that “science” has proven the earth to be billions of years old…  However, science deals with repeatable observations in the present, while evolution/long-age ideas are based on assumptions from outside science about the unobservable past.” (5)

The scientific method becomes much less helpful when things are less easily measured, or when it is making predictions about past or distant future events. Thus studies of emotion, intellect, or thought processes are often inaccurate. Studies of things which happened millions of years ago (so-called historical science), with questions as to the intervening circumstances, are equally suspect. They require many assumptions. And science in any field that is based on assumptions frequently changes when the assumptions are discovered to be false or inaccurate. This will, I hope, allow the reader to begin to differentiate between strong and weak areas of “science”.

Perhaps the best, most concise explanation was by Stephen Grocott.  He explains that we cannot see evolution occurring today and no one was there to observe it in the past, which means it is not observable or testable, and so it is unscientific.  Creation, by these same criteria, is neither observable nor testable, and so is unscientific. He concludes “Given that creation and evolution are both outside the realms of science, why should I, as a scientist, have problems with belief in creation while really being “scientific”?  I don’t.” (6)

 

(1) Geoff Downs Ph.D., In six days Master Books Publishing, p.333.

(2) Genesis 1:20 NIV

(3) www.technologyreview.com/s/407346/216-million-americans-are-scientifically-illiterate-part-i/

(4) rationalwiki.org/wiki/Historical_and_operational_science

(5)Johnathan Sarfati, in six days, New Leaf Publishing, Jan 2001, p. 75.

(6) Stephen Grocott, in six days, New Leaf Publishing, Jan 2001, p. 148.

 

Psalm 145:18 The LORD is near to all who call on him, to all who call on him in truth.

 

 

Chapter 9: Micro-evolution; The Machine That Built Itself

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Chapter 9 of Evolution, the Big Bang, and Other Fables, by A N Mack MD

Consider the following three assumptions.

1. We know that the formation of the universe from nothing was impossible. Quantim fluctuations?  Not even close to an explanation. Even Marcelo Gleiser, writing for the notoriously liberal NPR admits this;

It is obvious that this quantum nothingness is very different from an absolute nothingness. Physicists may shrug this away stating that concepts like absolute nothingness are not scientific and hence have no explanatory value. It is indeed true that there is no such thing as absolute nothingness in science, since the vacuum is pregnant with all sorts of stuff. Any scientific explanation presupposes a whole conceptual structure that is absolutely essential for science to function: energy, space, time, the equations we use, the laws of Nature. Science can’t exist without this scaffolding. So, a scientific explanation of the origin of the universe needs to use such concepts to make sense. It necessarily starts from something, which is the best that science can ever hope to do. (1) (For more on this topic see Chapter 17, Nothing Can’t do Something.)

2. We also know that spontaneous generation of life was and is impossible, and no scientist anywhere has been able to accomplish the task.  As Michael Denton wrote; “Between a living cell and the most highly ordered non-biological system, such as a crystal or a snowflake, there is a chasm as vast and absolute as it is possible to conceive.”(2)

3. We have established that evolution itself is impossible, as written by Hoyle; “The likelihood of the formation of life from inanimate matter is one to a number with 40,000 noughts after it …. It is big enough to bury Darwin and the whole theory of Evolution.” (3)

But what if all three of these assumptions were wrong? What if magically everything appeared out of nothing, for no reason, and formed itself into life against astronomical, impossible odds, and evolved into multiple magnificent and self replicating organisms.  What then?

Even then evolution is impossible!

Why? Because living organisms are made up of proteins, and proteins have specific, utilitarian, designed, functional shapes.  Proteins are fascinating, complicated, three- dimensional molecules that function as a result of their shape.  The basic shape of the proteins such as enzymes allows them to present a particular molecule, or reactive agent, at a particular three dimensional site, exposed in such a way that it interacts, usually somewhat like a lock and key, with another protein or membrane in the cell so that a chemical process is either turned on or off (in the case of enzymes), or a portion of the cell is built.

Douglas Axe showed evolution to be impossible when “He provided empirical backing for this conclusion from experimental research he earlier published in the Journal of Molecular Biology, finding that only one in 1074 amino-acid sequences yields functional protein folds.“(4)  Now never mind that that number, 10 with 74 zero’s after it, is impossible even once.  That chance, random impossibility actually has to repeat itself EVERY SINGLE TIME any protein or enzyme hopes to evolve into to a new useful type of protein.  So add another thousand zeros!  Add another billion, trillion nails to the coffin of evolution!

If one alters the DNA by some mechanism (radiation for instance) and the DNA now produces a slightly different protein, then the 3D structure of the protein is altered, and it does not become a new functional protein with a different and “better” use in the cell or the organism.  It becomes a useless, broken, messy, senseless system, producing meaningless and almost always damaging or fatal proteins.  (i.e. Lou Gehrigs,  Alzheimers, Cystic Fibrosis).  For example, according to Cystic Fibrosis News today, “The development of CF results from a misfolded or improperly functioning protein known as the cystic fibrosis conductance regulator (CFTR).”(5)

There are, on the other hand, NO (none, nada, zero) examples of enzymes or proteins which have been altered as a result of genetic damage to form a new, improved, or more functional state. The oft cited example of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is NOT such an example.  According to Munita  and Arias in Mechanisms of Antibiotic Resistance, “Classically, bacteria acquire external genetic material through three main strategies, i) transformation (incorporation of naked DNA), ii) transduction (phage mediated) and, iii) conjugation (bacterial “sex”).” (6)  In each case the genetic material ALREADY EXISTED and no new protein or altered gene was required. In fact, the path to antibiotic resistance typically involves a loss of genetic material from damaged DNA. The bacterium is no longer as healthy and effective and rapidly growing as it was before, but it has a side benefit of being resistant to a particular antibiotic.

If God were small enough to be understood, He would not be big enough to be worshiped.”(7) Evelyn Underhill.

Secular scientists and institutions teach that the creation of life on earth was a random, accidental event.  Though such a thing defies all logic and probability, it is nevertheless taught as a supposed “scientific fact”.  In 1993, Michael Behe introduced the concept of irreducible complexity (IC), as a solid proof against evolution. (8) In a variety of manners secular writers have argued against (but never disproven) his initial arguments.  IC is unpopular, but its basic premise is logical, sound, and supportable.  It is in fact infinitely more probable and likely to be true than ANY version of evolution.  And Behe’s resarch is now being validated. Michael Eggnor stated that Behe’s research has contributed to recent Nobel prizes in Biochemistry, and he noted conversely thatNo Nobel Prize has ever been awarded for Darwinian research, and there’s a reason for that. Darwinism denies purpose in biology, and denial of biological purpose is a catastrophic impediment to science.”(9)

As science advances, we have found more, not less, evidences of the absolutely enormous complexity of living things. However the answer by secular scientists is always the same, something along the lines of… “Evolution must have happened, we just don’t understand it yet”. And there is a certain simplicity and elegance to this argument.  It assumes a  positive and growing body of human knowledge, and it assumes the eventual ability of mankind to overcome all obstacles to knowledge… even the knowledge of our very origins.  This, from a humanistic and scientific position, is very appealing. But as we can discuss later, it is also dangerous in its potential for unreasonable pride and arrogance about our limited human abilities. But the question is not whether it is appealing.  Is it true?

There are thousands of incomprehensibly complex systems at the cellular level. Complexity is a hallmark of the microscopic biological world. Molecular biologist Michael Denton wrote, “Although the tiniest bacterial cells are incredibly small, weighing less than 10-12 grams, each is in effect a veritable micro-miniaturized factory containing thousands of exquisitely designed pieces of intricate molecular machinery, made up altogether of one hundred thousand million atoms, far more complicated than any machinery built by man and absolutely without parallel in the non-living world.” [10]

Perhaps since the secular academic community has learned to pat itself on the back for mounting a few (albeit weak and insufficient) arguments to Behe’s theory of Irreducible Complexity, we should introduce another concept.  I will call it Absolutely  Incomprehensible Complexity.

You see, the entire idea that humanity can comprehend life or the cosmos is absurd. It is as ridiculous as a machine talking back to it’s maker.  The layers upon layers of complexity represented at every level by DNA, RNA, proteins, fats, glycogen, mitochondria, cell membranes, plasma, electrolytes, semipermeable membranes, and all the necessary substrates for life and growth are quite literally incomprehensible.  Every time biologists find an explanation for one thing, another layer of complexity is found. Science has not brought us closer to understanding the mystery of life.  Science just makes us much more aware of the mysteriousness of life!

When microbiologists and biochemists began to sequence proteins, they found that the protein’s function was more from its shape than from its chemical content.  As stated above, this discovery tells us that minor modifications (evolutionary steps) are virtually impossible in proteins. (Because  one could alter a protein’s shape tens of thousands of ways that make it dysfunctional or even lethal, before finding a single alteration that might have a “new and improved” function.)

Recently it has been discovered that the genetic code of DNA is almost a Rubik’s cube of complexity.  It is so complex that one area of DNA can code for more than one protein, or have multiple expressions. (11)  One cannot randomly alter one, or a few atoms via mutation, without having adverse effects on multiple biologic systems.  If a frog wanted to evolve into a lizard, each step forward could quite literally cause two or three steps backward!  Evolution, as always, cannot withstand the facts.  Life is not just Irreducibly Complex, it is Absolutely Incomprehensibly Complex.

And this is exactly  what we would expect from an infinite, omniscient, and omnipotent Creator God. As the Bible states in John 1: 3 “Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.

(1)https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2013/03/26/175352714/the-origin-of-the-universe-from-nothing-everything

(2) Denton, Michael Evolution: A Theory in Crisis Bethesda, MD: Adler and Adler Publishers, Inc., 1986 pp. 249-250

(3) Fred Hoyle (1981) “Hoyle on Evolution” Nature, Vol. 294, No. 5837, Nov. 12, p. 148

(4)   evolutionnews.org/2012/06/can_random_muta/

(5)  Stephen Shannon, Cystic Fibrosis News Today, March 12, 2015.

(6) Munita, J and Arias C., /www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4888801/

(7) https://www.goodreads.com/quotes/14545-if-god-were-small-enough-to-be-understood-he-would

(8) evolutionnews.org/2018/10/behes-irreducible-complexity-validated-by-chemistry-nobel/

(9) Behe, Michael J. (1996). Darwin’s Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution. New York: Free PressISBN 0-684-82754-9LCCN 96000695OCLC 34150540.

(10)Michael Denton, “Evolution: A Theory in Crisis,” 1986, p. 250.

(11) https://www.quora.com/How-can-one-gene-code-for-more-than-one-protein-and-how-is-that-process-regulated

 

Isaiah 45:18 For thus saith the Lord that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the Lord; and there is none else.

Chapter 8: Natural Selection

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Chapter 8 of Evolution, the Big Bang, and Other Fables, by A N Mack MD

Fact. Natural Selection (NS) exists.

Fact.  NS does not, has not, and will never cause evolution.

I’ll bet you were taught that natural selection proves evolution.  In spite of what you have been told, natural selection has nothing to do with evolution.  Natural selection is conservative (of genetic material) not creative. Natural selection can only increase or decrease the number of certain cats, dogs, moths, or bacteria in a larger population. It cannot alter, evolve, or morph them into different creatures. Scientifically studying natural selection will not lead to a conclusion of Darwinism or evolution being true. It is merely an observation which can be thought of as equally supportive of a created world or an evolved world.

For decades, evolutionists and liberal educators have used the peppered moth as “proof” of evolution. Sewall Wright called it “a conspicuous evolutionary process”.(1) But while the peppered moth does provide evidence of natural selection, it in no way supports evolution. In fact, one wonders, if this is, in the words of Sewall Wright the “clearest case of a conspicuous evolutionary process”, why he supported the evolutionary theory at all!  If a change in the proportions of two different phenotypes of the same moth is considered the best evidence zoologists have for evolution, it is indeed a theory without scientific support!

Creation and Evolution advocates can agree, the light colored phenotype (of the moth) may confer a survival advantage where light colors blend in, and the dark phenotype may be beneficial in a darker or more polluted environment. However, that is where the agreement (and the science) ends and the conjecture begins. The dark and light alleles may just as easily have been created or evolved, and neither side can scientifically prove (to the satisfaction of unbiased observers) that their side must be correct. But every scientist should readily agree that when the light phenotype becomes more prominent, NO NEW GENETIC MATERIAL is produced or created.

It should be noted that whatever you believe about evolution and the tree moth, the dark and light alleles have never changed or evolved. No new moth has been created, and no new color has been documented. Both colors have been present through all of the recorded history of the tree moth. Thus natural selection is NOT evolution. Evolution requires a gradual change in the genetic material over time. Natural selection is simply a mechanism by which members of a population best suited to the environment may survive and pass on their genetic material. These are vastly different concepts.

Or as written by Biochemist John Marcus, “The key fact to note here is that natural selection simply cannot act unless there are functional, self-replicating molecules present to act on.”(2) NS does not create life, or create molecules, or create DNA.  NS simply allows one already created creature to thrive over another created creature.

NS is real.  Evolution is not.

For nearly a century evolutionists have conflated natural selection with evolution. But read just a bit further and you will find it is nothing more than a sleight of hand card trick. Natural Selection (NS) is real.  NS exists.  But NS is NOT evolution, is not responsible for evolution, and in no way supports or proves evolution. No matter how much conjecture and theorizing sites like livescience.com subject us to, there exists absolutely NO proof of evolution.

Natural selection is conservative of genetic material, whereas evolution requires the creation of vast amounts of new genetic material. NS creates nothing. Evolution (if were a reality) would have required the creation of hundreds of billions of new genetic sequences to account for the genetic material for every living thing on earth.

In other words, natural selection cannot alter, evolve, or morph any form of life into new or different creatures. Scientifically studying natural selection does not lead to a conclusion of Darwinism or evolution being true.

The online dictionary defines natural selection as follows: “the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survive and produce more offspring. The theory of its action was first fully expounded by Charles Darwin and is now believed to be the main process that brings about evolution.”  (3) Note the insertion, without any proof or logic, of the concept of evolution, and note the assertion “now believed”. Even pro-evolutionary writers admit there is absolutely no proof they are connected. Yet atheists and educators everywhere have for decades performed this sleight of hand, explaining one logical concept (NS) and then substituting another completely illogical and unsubstantiated theory (evolution).

Eve pro-evolution institutions like Berkeley admit that Natural Selection can NOT explain the origin of life, NS does NOT occur by chance, and evolution often occurs RAPIDLY. (4)  All of these ideas would have been considered complete and utter nonsense to Darwin.  Yet these institutions persist in pushing the idea of evolution, because they cannot accept the alternative of a Creator, God, with all the implications of Divine Creation.

NS does not create life, or create self sustaining molecules, or create DNA.  NS simply allows one already created creature to thrive over another created creature. There is much more we will discuss about NS.  But for now just know this.  NS is real.  Evolution is not.

Isaiah 45:7 states, “The One forming light and creating darkness, Causing well-being and creating calamity; I am the LORD who does all these.”

 

(1) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peppered_moth_evolution

(2)  John P. Marcus, in six days, New Leaf Publishing, 2017. p. 172

(3) sites.google.com/site/evolutionontheuproaragain/who-was-charles-darwin/darwin-s-theories

(4) evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/misconceptions_faq.php#f2

 

Job 12:7-9 “But ask the beasts, and they will teach you; the birds of the heavens, and they will tell you; or the bushes of the earth, and they will teach you; and the fish of the sea will declare to you. Who among all these does not know that the hand of the Lord has done this?

Chapter 7: The Data in the Strata

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Chapter 7 of Evolution, the Big Bang, and Other Fables, by A N Mack MD

Are you old enough to remember the La Brae Tar Pits? I remember quite vividly being told that this is how the fossil graveyards were formed.  Then when human and dog remains were found alongside saber-tooth cats and woolly mammoths (and other animals that we were told had been dead for tens of thousands of years) suddenly the pro-evolutionary scientific community lost interest in the pits. In reality, of course, the entire idea that thousands of animals accidentally fell into pits of tar and were preserved was absurd. Do animals do that today?  Certainly not. No animals today walk into pits of tar so they can someday become fossils.   In fact, the entire early thinking about the tar pits was likely erroneous. In reality, the oil tar formed far more rapidly than scientists were previously willing to admit and developed around the carcasses which had been rapidly buried in the flood sediments (see previous chapter).

Or as shown by the following article in the journal Organic Chemistry:

In many geological situations much longer time intervals are available but evidently the molecular mechanism of the decomposition is little changed by the additional time. Thus, within sedimentary basins, heating times of several years are sufficient for the generation of oil and gas from suitable precursors. The precise point in this range of times from seconds to years, at which the products adequately resemble natural gases and/or oils, remains to be established. Heating times of the order of years during recent times may even improve the petroleum prospects of particular areas. Flooding of a reservoir with migrating hydrocarbons is more likely to produce a reservoir filled to the spill point than slow accumulation over a long geological period with a possibility of loss …’.(1)

For generations, students have been fed a scientifically unsupportable line of atheistic propaganda about how dinosaurs and other organisms were fossilized.  If you travel to any Museum of Natural History or even to places like Dinosaur National Monument in Utah, you will read nice (imaginary) explanations about how the fossils originated, and why they are at the site.  All over the world there are massive “fossil graveyards” where thousands or millions of fossilized creatures lie buried or partially exposed.

These graveyards are not evidence supporting evolutionists claims.  Rather, in the words of Roger Patterson, “the greatest testimonies to a worldwide flood are the many, massive fossil graveyards across the globe”.  (2)  Why would Patterson say this? Because the very presence of such massive graveyards is evidence, if not almost proof, of a global flood.  Fossils do not form if a creature dies naturally and is eaten or decomposed by natural processes. Fossil formation requires sudden burial (as in a sudden, catastrophic global flood with massive mudslides in an environment that lacks oxygen) in order to fossilize!

Patterson also notes that in places like the Green River formation in Wyoming, we find birds, bats, ocean fish, insects, and land plants all buried together.  How could these be buried together if not for a huge catastrophe like the flood?

And what about oil and coal in the deep earth strata?  We are told that there was lush growth which gathered and was compressed over millions of years, forming oil and coal.  Yet so many scientific facts and observations do NOT fit this storyline.  For one, why would the deceased plants and animals not have been destroyed by bacteria and turned into simple organic matter (dirt) if this happened as a normal process over millions of years?  That would comply with the uniformitarian views evolutionists claim to espouse!

Also, many samples contain carbon 14, which should be impossible if they are even 50,000 years old, let alone hundreds of millions of years old.  In addition, coal often has readily visible bark from trees, and even track marks from crabs, dinosaurs, and amphibians (3) which might occur in cases of sudden rapid burial, but not with gradual accumulation over hundreds of thousands of years. And of course there is all that fresh organic material, and red blood cells they have been finding in dinosaurs that are supposedly hundreds of millions of years old!

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And what about those troublesome polystrate fossils (see the above picture).  How can a fossilized tree be found vertically, penetrating what we are told is many millions of years of accumulated sediments? Author John McKay, who has found “there are polystrates of just about every fossil known if you look hard enough, and the reality is that any fossils even those that lie parallel to their strata yet are thicker than one lamina of sediment, by definition have to be polystrate.” (4) But the question is, how can a fragile fern be fossilized vertically in strata that would otherwise be thought to represent millions of years of accumulation?  But for those who believe in the Great Global Flood, this represents no problem at all. It makes absolute and complete sense. The tree or fern happened to come to rest in a vertical position as all the sediments flooded in and around it and were then compressed into limestone rock formations.

Famous Evolutionist Stephen Jay Gould in Natural History magazine said,  “The fossil record with its abrupt transitions offers no support for gradual change, and the principle of natural selection does not require it — selection can operate rapidly. Yet the unnecessary link that Darwin forged became a central tenet of the synthetic theory.” He also tried to defend a fellow evolutionist, writing, “Goldschmidt raised no objection to the standard accounts of microevolution; … He broke sharply with the synthetic theory, however in arguing that new species arise abruptly by discontinuous variation, or macromutation.”(5)

This overt admission (by a prominent evolutionist) that life appeared suddenly, and that the fossil record does not support evolution has yet to reach the halls of academia, where evolution is still taught, and the fossil record is still used as proof. Yet Gould tries to rescue the theory with yet another unscientific proposal, seeming to believe that new species appeared fully formed in the past, but still, somehow he manages to call this evolution.  But for an interesting and very readable account of this story, please see the article by Scot Wall in the Houston Chronicle from 2008. (6)

 

(1) Saxby, J. D., Bennett, A.J.R., Corcoran, J.F., Lambert, D.E. and Riley, K.W., 1986. Petroleum generation: simulation over six years of hydrocarbon formation from torbanite and brown coal in a subsiding basin. Organic Geochemistry, vol. 9(2), pp. 69–81.

(2) P 148, Evolution Exposed,  2008, Answers in Genesis USA.

(3) Ibid, p. 151

(4) AskJohnMackay.com/polystrate-fossils-vertical-fossil-trees-any-other-polystrate-fossils/

(5) http://www.chron.com/neighborhood/tomball/opinion/article/The-fossil-record-offers-no-support-for-gradual-9373494.php

(6) ibid

 

John 1:3  Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.

 

Chapter 6: The Cambrian Explosion

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Chapter 6 of Evolution, the Big Bang, and Other Fables, by A N Mack MD

Atheistic cosmology is completely dependent on explosions.  Secular scientists believe all matter exploded out of nothing due to a quantum fluctuation.  They also believe all life exploded into being in a short period for no reason a few hundred million years ago. They adopt these beliefs, not based on uniformity of agreement, not based on SCIENTIFIC evidence, not because logic demands it, but because as atheists, they have no other explanation! 

For over a hundred years those atheists who promoted evolution patiently explained to unbelievers that evolution was a gradual process, step by step, one tiny building block at a time. It occurred, they said, over hundreds of millions of years, as accidental radiation-induced genetic changes supposedly built ever more complicated forms of life from simpler forms of life, one little accidental genetic modification building on another accidental genetic modification.

Unfortunately, the science of archaeology has destroyed these gradual timelines as foundations for evolution, and now scientists, archaeologists, and evolutionists say life suddenly appeared during the Cambrian explosion some 500 million years in the past.

We will discuss the absurdity of quantum fluctuation creating everything in another chapter.  Today lets discuss the absurdity of believing in evolution, and at the same time believing all life appeared suddenly on the earth.

As we have discussed, for over a century, those who preferred evolution as an explanation for everything taught, and apparently believed, that evolution was a gradual process, requiring hundreds of millions of years to make small changes that progressively increased the complexity of life.  But in fact, the evidence from the geological strata show it pretty much appeared all at once during or just before the Cambrian period. This should have discouraged the proponents of evolution. But since the belief in evolution is primarily a philosophical, rather than a scientific tenet, it did little to discourage their atheistic zeal.

In the Precambrian Era, all life on earth supposedly originated, developed, and thrived.  Life not only created itself during this period, according to evolutionary theory it advanced rapidly into millions of species in a very short period. (1)  This is the antithesis, the exact and complete opposite of how evolution was described for over a century and is in itself, proof of the complete failure of evolutionary theory.  In fact, in order to support the latest evolutionary timeline, during the “Cambrian explosion” there would have been the appearance of an entirely new species of life approximately every 50 years!

But there is more. The Precambrian and Cambrian Era geological remnants are distributed around the world in what is called the “Burgess-type” shale.  In all the areas of the world where such “Burgess-type” shale has been found, all the organisms appear the same.  No variance, no progression. All are the same.  All over the world. No support for evolution here.

In addition, secular scientists recognize, “The way in which the Burgess Shale animals were buried, by a mudslide or a sediment-laden current that acted as a sandstorm, suggests they lived on the surface of the seafloor.” (2) (Wikipedia) This mudslide or sediment-laden current sounds much more like evidence of a single great flood than evidence of evolution! Imagine what would happen during a Biblical Great Flood.  Millions of animals all over the world would have been suddenly buried, and preserved, in mudslides, or “sediment-laden currents”!  And the fact that other living creatures are found in geologic and archaeological strata above this layer could suggest they were carried in by a sediment-laden current afterward, and buried in successive layers above the sea floor creatures. (3)

The history of geology and evolution do not support the gradual development of life on earth.  Not even using Uniformitarian assumptions (which we will discuss later). The Theory of Evolution is a scientifically unpalatable philosophical assumption in light of many new findings in geology, molecular biology, biochemistry and genetics over the past 70 years.

 

Job 12:7-10 ESV “But ask the beasts, and they will teach you;
    the birds of the heavens, and they will tell you;
or the bushes of the earth, and they will teach you;
    and the fish of the sea will declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
    that the hand of the Lord has done this?
In his hand is the life of every living thing
    and the breath of all mankind.

 

(1)  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Earth

(2) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burgess_Shale

(3) https://burgess-shale.rom.on.ca/en/science/origin/04-cambrian-explosion.php