Chapter 17 of Evolution, the Big Bang, and Other Fables, by A N Mack MD
Where did the universe come from?
Secular Academics believe it created itself from nothing. Well, technically it was a from an infinitesimally small tiny bubble of nothing.
Where did the bubble come from?
In quantum physicis, a quantum fluctuation (or vacuum state fluctuation, or vacuum fluctuation) is the temporary change in the amount of energy in a point in space, as explained in Werner Heisenberg‘s uncertainty principle. (Wikipedia)
Or as written in the Physics ArXiv blog, “At the heart of their thinking is Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. This allows a small empty space to come into existence probabilistically due to fluctuations in what physicists call the metastable false vacuum.”(1)
Stated in common English, supposedly this quantum vacuum state (nothing) can (temporarily) do something, and (permanently) create everything (our universe) out of nothing…. all because of an “uncertainty principle”. So no matter how you phrase it, or what you call it, it would mean that where there was absolute, complete nothingness… something appeared for no reason, with no cause, and no predecessor.
Now if this reads like nonsense, it is because it IS nonsense. The uncertainty principle, in its simplest form, simply states that you cannot accurately measure both the position (location) and the velocity (speed) of a particle because the process of measuring will by definition require altering one or the other (position or velocity).
Encyclopedia Britannica explains, “Ordinary experience provides no clue of this principle. It is easy to measure both the position and the velocity of, say, an automobile, because the uncertainties implied by this principle for ordinary objects are too small to be observed. The complete rule stipulates that the product of the uncertainties in position and velocity is equal to or greater than a tiny physical quantity, or constant (h/(4π), where h is Planck’s constant, or about 6.6 × 10−34 joule-second). Only for the exceedingly small masses of atoms and subatomic particles does the product of the uncertainties become significant.” (2)
But even if you DID believe the secular atheists’ myths about the Big Bang based on these secular mind games that are far more philosophic than scientific… even if you accepted that the universe somehow created itself, then there are all the same questions about where the universe came from, but only moved to another level. Questions like:
- If all the Big Bang scientists believe in an expanding universe, what is the universe expanding into? (Did Space exist a priori?)
- What happened just before the Big Bang? (Cosmologists differ… they have no idea)
- Did the Big Bang have a location? Where was it? Is earth at the center? (Because if it is that has enormous space-time implications.)
- If nothing can instantaneously create everything, can we all be instantaneously replaced by another Bang?
- If they still don’t know if atoms and light are particles or waves, how can secular science claim to know how, when, where or why the Universe began?
- If you believe the Universe can create itself (something you cannot even begin to understand), what keeps you from believing in an Almighty Supreme Being (a being we are also completely incapable of comprehending) who has the power to create all things?
Secular cosmology clearly and emphatically does not have all the answers. Don’t let them bully you into believing nonsense. Problems with the “Big Bang” are overwhelming. Yet we are told by supposed “scientists” that it is an established fact. What utter nonsense. Here are just a few of the unresolved scientific problems with the Big Bang.
Problem #1. The vacuum catastrophe. Those who would like to create something out of nothing have always existed. The perpetual motion machine has always been a dream. If you read a little bit about the big bang, you will soon find that it is nothing more than another version of the perpetual motion machine. Creating everything out of nothing. Someone wrote a formula (Quantum Field Theory) that says there would be vast amounts of energy available if there was actually a state of nothingness. Someone else recalculated the formula and it turns out the value of vacuum energy was actually 10¹²⁰ times less than the prediction made by Quantum Field Theory! Which, it turns out, is less than nothing. This can also be referred to as a cosmological constant problem, which is explained on the Red Shift Academy website as follows: (3)
So, a large vacuum energy presents a huge problem for General Relativity because the absolute amount of vacuum energy has a real physical meaning. In fact, the Cosmological constant and the vacuum energy differ by about an astonishing 120 orders of magnitude! This is the infamous "Cosmological constant problem" which remains one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of physics in the modern era.
Problem #2. 95% dark matter… dark energy… WIMPS? Astronomers now calculate that the universe consists of 4.9 percent ordinary matter, 26.8 percent dark matter, and 68.3 percent dark energy. (1) The rest is made up of WIMPS (Weakly Interactive Massive Particles). What are WIMPS? Can they be seen, felt, tasted, heard, or measured in any way… no. How do we know they exist? We don’t. Why do the astronomers suggest WIMPS and dark matter and energy are there? Because the same formulas on which they base the Big Bang and the Age of the Universe say they MUST be there. Or else the formulas are wrong! (Now there’s an idea!) As Scott Dodelson (a cosmologist and the head of the Department of Physics at Carnegie Mellon University) states on the site Space.com, ” we’re not sure our current way of thinking is correct because it essentially requires us to make stuff up, namely dark matter and dark energy. It could be that we really are just a month away from a scientific revolution that will upend our whole understanding about cosmology and does not require these things.” (4)
Problem #3. Dispersion forces. In the first stages of the universe, there was no reason for cohesion (the forces of dispersion were much stronger). This means scientists can’t explain galaxy formation. Just like Problem #1 (Big bang should not have happened), Problem #3 means the Galaxies had no reason to form. Picture any explosion of any size in any situation, and you will see what this means. If something is blown apart into tiny fragments by some great energy, the fragments travel at great speeds getting further apart from each other and from the center, until at some point they are overcome by some other force or energy. In the case of the Big Bang, there were no other forces in existence. There was no other energy in existence. Thus the explosion could never have formed galaxies, or planets, or any other structures.
Problem #4. Thermodynamics One. The Big Bang clearly violates the 1st law of thermodynamics, which states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed. Every counter-argument to this is ineffectual, or requires “special circumstances”, or assumes some other plane of existence was also present. Proponents of the Big Bang will argue that this problem can be escaped by utilizing the argument that this was a closed system. However, assuming a closed system assumes something pre-existent to the Bang itself. So again no Philosophical or Scientific cause of 1st origins has been explained.
Problem #5. Thermodynamics Two. The Big Bang also contradicts the Second Law of Thermodynamics (entropy), which states that everything we see or measure in the universe is gradually “running down” or progressing from a higher state of energy to a lower state of energy. The entire universe and all of creation must be considered as a single “closed system” that is just chock full of energy in the form of stars and heat and motion and light, just to name a few. The energy had to come from somewhere. In the same way it could not create itself (See Problem #4), it also could not wind itself up to higher levels (Problem #5). As Professor John Cimbala, Professor of Mechanical Engineering with a Ph.D. in aeronautics puts it, “One can only conclude that the universe had a beginning, and that beginning had to have been caused by someone or something operating outside of the known laws of thermodynamics.”(5)
Problem #6. Expansion. The Big Bang requires an early expansion rate that was at speeds greater than the speed of light. The very same scientists who claim that they can know the age of the Earth and the universe based on Uniformitarian principles, using currently measured rates for the speed of light and the decay of isotopes have a HUGE problem here. They admit that immediately after the BB, the expansion rate of the universe had to be much greater than the speed of light. This means they are happy to suspend the scientific laws of the universe when it fits their purposes and preferred theories. Just not when it involves Creation. See previous chapter on Uniformitarianism.
Problem #7. Matter/Antimatter. If there really was a Big Bang, then equal amounts of matter and antimatter should have been expected. Yet we find no such evidence. Many theories and solutions have been proposed, but none answer the question. All require some “other” force or condition. In other words, astronomers and scientists have no explanation for why the universe we live in contains only electrons and no positrons. Only quarks and no anti-quarks. Only protons and no anti-protons.
Problem #8. Constantly changing Constants. With all the supposedly scientific precision of the calculations on which the age of the universe rest, no one even knows the value of the Hubble constant! Hubble’s initial calculations for the value for the expansion rate (Hubble Constant) was approximately 500 km/s/Mpc or about 160 km/sec per million-light-years. This would have meant the Universe was only 2 billions years old. Others have calculated the constant to be as low as 2 km/s/Mpc. The “current” accepted value is generally assumed to be 70.0 km/sec/Mpc. In fact some now call it the Hubble Parameter rather than the Hubble constant. This was all supposedly put to rest in about 2008 with the latest accepted value. We shall see… In the meantime, as you can tell from Problems 1 through 7, it is merely vapid and rapidly changing mathematical formulas, not a serious explanation for the origin or the universe.
(6) “Big Bang Theory — An Overview.” All About Science. http://www.big-bang-theory.com/
(See also) Space.com, New Map of Dark Matter Puts the Big Bang Theory on Trial (Kavli Roundtable) By|
“Cambridge Cosmology: Hot Big Bang Model.” Cambridge University. http://www.damtp.cam.ac.uk/user/gr/public/bb_home.html
Castellanos, Joel. “The Shape of Space.” NonEuclid. http://www.cs.unm.edu/~joel/NonEuclid/space.html
Felder, Gary. “Beyond the Big Bang: Inflation and the Very Early Universe.” North Carolina State University. 2002.
“The Geometry of the Universe.” Astronomy 162. University of Tennessee. http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr162/lect/cosmology/geometry.html
Marmet, Paul. “Big Bang Cosmology Meets an Astronomical Death.” 21st Century, Science and Technology. Vol. 3, No. 3. 1990. http://www.newtonphysics.on.ca/BIGBANG/Bigbang.html
By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God’s command, so that what is seen was not made out of what was visible. Hebrews 11:3 NIV