Chapter 11 of Evolution, the Big Bang, and Other Fables, by A N Mack MD
For decades evolutionists have touted the supposed 98.6 percent similarity of the human and chimp genome as “proof” of chimp to human evolution. Are they still so confident? No, indeed not. In fact, as stated by Dr. Tomkins, Director of Life Sciences at the Institute for Creation Research, “The more DNA sequencing technologies improve, the worse it gets for the evolutionary paradigm.” (1) Creation scientists and geneticists were of course skeptical. Why? Because such an evolutionary transformation would have required the development of over 40 million base pairs (about 1.5 % of the human genome) in the short span of a few million years!
The impossibility of this drastic and rapid rate of change proposed by atheistic scientists was ignored. Evolutionists assured every high school and college student in America that they “knew” that evolution had occurred based on these supposedly “small” differences.
But as pointed out by Dr. Jon Cohen, in “The Myth of 1%”, these are NOT small differences. “First, as noted, we’re not talking about “small changes” but rather, as the journal Science explained, at the very least these differences entail “35 million base-pair changes, 5 million indels in each species, and 689 extra genes in humans.” (2) This means it would have required massive amounts of new genetic information via mutations. In other words, a thing which has never been proven to occur even once, must have happened millions of times.
But now a 2016 article by Dr. Jeffrey Tomkins Ph.D., shows that even those ridiculously positive inter-species comparisons were wrong. The actual amount of similarity between human and chimp genomes in recent, more accurate scientific studies was vastly lower. He states it is in the low 80’s at best. That would mean there are not 35 million, but about 500 million base pair differences! He explains in detail why the original estimates were grossly inaccurate and why the newer numbers are far more accurate. (3) Such a vast genetic difference completely destroys the weak and tenuous pro-evolutionary arguments from a decade or two ago.
Biologist Dr. Richard Buggs, also states that we have no more than an 85% similarity. In his recent Biologos post he wrote, “the total percentage of the human genome that I can know for sure has one-to-one orthology with the chimp genome is 84.4%. Therefore I would say to the man on the street: we know for sure that the human genome is 84.4% the same as the chimpanzee genome“. (4)
But it gets even worse. Casey Luskin finds an even lower rate of correlation, writing, “Looking closely at the chimpanzee-like 76% of the human genome, we find that to make an exact alignment, we often have to introduce artificial gaps in either the human or the chimp genome. These gaps give another 3% difference. So now we have a 73% similarity between the two genomes.” (5)
Now compare the human-chimp ratios to the human-zebrafish similarities. “Sequencing of the entire genetic make-up of the zebrafish has revealed that 70 percent of protein-coding human genes are related to genes found in the zebrafish and that 84 percent of genes known to be associated with human disease have a zebrafish counterpart.” (6) Does anyone really think we have recently evolved from zebrafish? Of course not!
In the end, it looks like the Chimp Genome and the Human Genome are indeed vastly different. It appears they were created uniquely and individually and purposefully. These findings represent 500 million more nails in the coffin of evolutionary theory.
(1) Tomkins, J. Acts and Facts 47:10, October 2018, p. 16.
(2) Jon Cohen, “Relative Differences: The Myth of 1%,” Science, Vol. 316:1836 (June 29, 2007).
(3) Tomkins, J 2016, Analysis of 101 Chimpanzee Trace Read Data Sets: Assessment of Their Overall Similarity to Human and Possible Contamination with human DNA. Answers Research Journal 9: 294-298.
(4) Buggs, R. How similar are human and chimpanzee genomes: posted on RichardBuggs.com, July 14, 2018
(5) Casey Luskin “Critically Analyzing the Argument from Human/Chimpanzee Genetic Similarity”, September 30, 2011, Evolution News and Science Today.
(For similar readings see”Evolving Misconceptions” and “Vestigial Organs” at Evolutioncreation.net)
Isaiah 45:12 I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.